HEAD Study of Schools
The HEAD Project (Holistic Evidence and Design) is a research study of the impacts of the built environment dimension of UK Primary schools (4-11 yrs) on the learning rates of pupils. This is a simple aim, but has actually proved to be quite a knotty problem. There is a wealth of published material on the impacts of aspects such as temperature and air quality on human functioning in general and on those in schools in particular. There are many strongly held views too, but a bit of a vacuum around empirical evidence of what actually does impact on learning rates in the classroom, studied "in the wild". The results of the HEAD Project fill this gap with clear evidence of significant impacts of which physical design factors actually do impact on the learning rates of young children. The results are freely available in two forms: a report "Clever Classrooms", containing illustrated suggestions for designers and teachers and an academic paper providing the scientific basis of the findings.
The work underpinning this study (click link for Study Foundations) has been in train since 2007. Previous work on Revaluing Construction had highlighted the massive scale of the built environment and the paucity of evidence of the value running from this. This led to an initiative to address this gap by taking a user's view, via their senses and mediated by their brain. A multi-disciplinary Senses-Brain-Spaces workshop was held and a rich variety of perspectives gathered. This stimulated a series of interactions with Manchester City Council around school design via post occupancy evaluations and action research. A large amount of literature and numerous case studies were also synthesised into a report. It became clear that to compete with all the other pressures in the design process, hard evidence of impacts was needed so. This led to the HEAD Project, (click link for Project Details) with the initial support of Nightingale Associates, followed by funding from the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. The work is being prosecuted by a multidisciplinary research team, with the support of an international Sounding Panel of experts.
In Phase 1 of the project we have found significant impacts attached to the building design and use of schools and these were published (summary included at link) in a peer reviewed refereed journal. This paper was the most downloaded paper in 2013 for this journal and was subsequently selected as one of three best papers out of 1300 submitted to the journal.
The Phase 2 of the project, the sample has been expanded five-fold and lessons of Phase 1 have been built upon. with an expanded sample and observational opportunities, is now in train and is due to be completed by the end of 2014. This has been informed by an international, multidiscipolinary steering group. A report of the meeting with them is available here.